The Elbrus Region (Prielbrusie)
is the name often given to a section of the Caucasus extending from
the western foothills of Mount Elbrus to the Chegem valley in the
east. It includes the highest massif of the Caucasus Range - Elbrus
(5642m) - and those parts of the Main (Glavnyi) Caucasus watershed
and side ridges that form the upper Baksan river catchment area. The
watershed marks the border between Europe and Asia; also the
national border between the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic (part of
the Russian Federation) to the north, and Georgia to the south.
Facts & Figures
Height: Elbrus has two summits, the west
summit is the highest: 5642m, the east summit is just a bit lower:
Name: The local (Balkar) name: 'Mingi-Tau'
means: 'Resembling a thousand mountains', because Elbrus is so
1st ascent: First ascent of east summit
(5621m): 1868 First ascent of west summit (5642m): 1874 In 1967 the
Soviet party organized a mass climbing and about 2500 people
participated; although most of them had never seen a mountain up
Infrastructure: There is a cable car
running: it starts at 2200m in Azau, the first stop is Stary
Krugozor, 2900m; the second stop is Mir station, 3500m. From Mir a
chairlift can take you to 3750m. At the end of this chairlift are
'the Barrels' and that's just what they are: old huge barrels, in
each of which 4 people can sleep.
The area named Prielbrusye is located in upper reaches of the Baksan river (173
km) and its inflows. The maximum point of Caucasus - Elbrus is located there.
Elbrus is a two-peak cone of an extinct volcano. The altitude of the Western top
is 5642 m, the East one - 5621 m. The general area of Elbrus glaciers is 134,5
км2; the most known are: Big and Small Azau, Terskol. Adylsu, Shkhelda, Adyrsu
Gorges, massif of Donguzorun and Ushba are very popular among climbers and
mountain tourists. Prielbrusye is a magnificent mounting skiing resort in