The Caucasus form a chain of high, alpine mountains separating the
Republic of Georgia from that of Russia to the north. Just north of
the main chain, several kilometres into Europe and into Russia, lies
Europe's highest summit -
Mount Elbrus, 5642m. The main chain itself
contains many mountains over 5000m. and tens of summits higher than
Mont Blanc. The Baksan Valley leads, in about 40 miles, from the
northern foothills to the main chain itself.
Although it is the home
to the highest mountains of the Europe, the area is relatively little
known among western climbers, as the access was formerly difficult.
There are seven peaks above 5000m. The Great Caucasus is traditionally
divided into three regions -
Eastern, with conventional borders coming through two highest
peaks: Mt. Elbrus (5642m) to the west and
Mt. Kazbek (5033m) to the
The Caucasus mountain system is the territory between Black, Azov
and Caspian seas, within the limits of the Alpine folded area. It
occupies over 500 thousand кm2 and divides into Northern
Caucasus, the Big Caucasus and Transcaucasia. The central position is
occupied by a range of the Big Caucasus.