|Range Type||Geographically-defined sub-range|
Gora Tebulosmta (4494 m/14,744 ft)|
|Countries||Russia (75%), Azerbaijan (18%), Georgia (7%)|
(numbers are approxmiate percentage of range area)
|States/Provinces||Kalmykia (30%), Dagestan (21%), AstrakhanвЂ™ (10%), Chechnya (7%), Rostov (2%), Ingushetia (2%), Alania (1%), Stavropol (1%), Volgograd (1%)|
(numbers are approxmiate percentage of range area)
|Area||228,845 sq km / 88,357 sq mi|
Area may include lowland areas
|Extent||1,040 km / 646 mi North-South|
598 km / 372 mi East-West
44° 0' N; 46° 38' E|
|Map Links||MSN MapPoint Map|
|Ten Highest Peaks|
Gora Tebulosmta||4494||14,744|| |
Bazar Dyuzi||4466||14,652|| |
Sub-peaks are excluded from this list. |
Mountains of Dagestan
East Caucasus is extended on 500 km to the east from Kazbek up to Caspian sea.
It consists of following allocated parts: Azerbaijan mountains, Dagestan
mountains, Checheno-Tushetskie mountains and Ingusheto-Hevsuretskie mountains.
Massif Erydag (3925 m), located in the Dagestan mountains is especially popular.
There is a set of difficult rocky routes of 5B-6A grade.
Mountains of Azerbaijan
The nature of Azerbaijan is characterized by contrast of the relief
towering on small distance (40-60 km) from 28 m lower than a level of
World ocean (Near-Caspian lowland) up to 4466 m of absolute heights
Mt. Kazbek region is situated in Eastern part of Central Caucasus,
on Georgia territory, near to Georgian Military highway, Kazbegi
village (1700 m ). This mountain region is almost independent from
other mountain chain. Kazbek is volcano 5033 m high. First climbed in
1868 under the leadership of D. Freshfild.
There is wonderful Gergeti Monastery, standing on the cliff, which of
the way coming to the foot of Mt. Kazbek begins from. It is beauty
view through it with Kazbek on the back front.
Mount Kazbek is an extinct volcano located in the eastern part of
Eastern Caucasus stretches on 480 km from Kazbek to the West till
Apsheronsky peninsula. It conventionally can be divided into four regions.
Ingusheto-Hevsuretsky mountains are made up by solid dia-bases, porfirits,
loamy and crystal schists expending on 50 km to the East from the Uppers Terek
and Belaya Aragva. Here the trekkers and mountaineers popular Khuro and Shavana
ridges with complicate by technique ridges and mountain-mass Chauhy are
Checheno-Tushetsky mountains stretches from Chantiarguna and Hevsuretsky
Aragva sources on 660 km to the East. The mountain sink opened to the river
Andinskoe Khoysu table. Great Caucasus Range is formed here by loamy schists
which is completed by sandstones, profirits and dia-bases.
Dagestansky mountains expends on other 220 km. Loamy schists form this region.
Dolomits and limestones come up on the surface to the North and East of Great
Caucasus Range in Dagestan mountains.
Azerbayjan mountains expends on 150 km to the East to Caspian Sea. Region
swelling rocks – loamy schists, limestones, clays. Eastern Caucasus is lower
Central, most of its peaks are higher 4000 m. The Tebulosmt mountain (4493 m )
- is the highest region peak. Eastern Caucasus ridges are mainly made up of
soft rocks easy to destroy by wash-out and by weathering, that form typical
landscapes with labyrinths of rutted ridges and deep gorges. Muddy, violent with
deep canyons rivers run through mountains.
In Eastern Caucasus the snow-line altitude begins from 3700-3800 m, it’s
higher than in Western, and 300-400 m higher than in Central Caucasus.
Despite of Western Caucasus higher ridges and peaks altitudes, the quantity
of glaciers is less than in Eastern. Usually glaciers are on the highest
mountain-masses, moreover on its northern side. In Eastern Caucasus the
ice-covering square is 114.4 sq. km . and 1 sq. km. for its northern and
southern slopes. The most of glaciers are ravine and valley.
In the Eastern Caucasus, the weather is drier than in the Western
and Central ranges, and the mountains form isolated massifs, rather
than glaciated chains. At the far eastern end, semi-desert conditions
prevail as the range approaches the Caspian Sea. The mountains rise
out of barren foothills and are generally lower and less dramatic than
their Central Caucasus neighbors. There are very few glaciers.
The climate of Eastern Caucasus is considerably drier than Western and
Central Caucasus climate. Precipitations are namely 1000-1250 mm per year in
Eastern Caucasus highlands, on the southern slope of Great Caucasus Range and in
mountains of Dagestan – 400-600 mm per year. It is caused by condensers present
that are obstacles to saturated by moisture air streams from Black Sea. First
of all these are Kazbek and the Eastern Caucasus highest peak – Tebulosmt. Air
streams give a large quantity of foggy days in Hevrusetiya and promote to
arising of frequent summer storms with groats or hail by on gusty winds with
The next altitude condensator-barrier – powerful Bogotsky ridge. Here moist
streams of Black Sea air finish their way to the East. Coming down on the ridge
they give a large number of storms, hails, snowy storms.
Summer is hot everywhere in Eastern Caucasus , and winter is rather soft, but
unstable on the northern side and usually stable warm on its southern side.
Spring is colder than autumn in mountains. In May rivers begin to fill by melted
snow water, and this is the time for travelling on tourist vessels. And for the
cyclist-tourists, pedestrians, and especially for trekkers even June is not a
good time for travelling.
In Eastern Caucasus autumn begins at the end of August. This is the most
safety (in the meaning of foul weather) sunny period for travelling in local
mountains. Often September and the first part of October are just the most
cloudless, the driest and the warmest.
For tourism Eastern Caucasus possibilities are very broad. Of any
complication category treks can be organized on about 20 the highest
complication category passes and on a number of more simple.
In the Eastern Caucasus, the weather is drier than in the Western and Central
ranges, and the mountains form isolated massifs, rather than glaciated chains.
At the far eastern end, semi-desert conditions prevail as the range approaches
the Caspian Sea. The mountains rise out of barren foothills and are generally
lower and less dramatic than their Central Caucasus neighbors.
The highest peak of the Eastern Caucasus is Tebulos-Mta (14,744 ft./4494 m).